NFL RULES: Timing In Final Two Minutes of Each Half
TIMING IN FINAL TWO MINUTES OF EACH HALF
1. On kickoff, clock does not start until the ball has been legally
touched by player of either team in the field of play. (In all other
cases, clock starts with kickoff.)
2. A team cannot buy an excess time out for a penalty. However, a
fourth time out is allowed without penalty for an injured player,
who must be removed immediately. A fifth time out or more is allowed
for an injury and a five-yard penalty is assessed if the clock was
running. Additionally, if the clock was running and the score is tied
or the team in possession is losing, the ball cannot be put in play
for at least 10 seconds on the fourth or more time out. The half or
game can end while those 10 seconds are run off on the clock.
3. If the defensive team is behind in the score and commits a foul
when it has no time outs left in the final 40 seconds of either half,
the offensive team can decline the penalty for the foul and have the
time on the clock expire.
4. Fouls that occur in the last five minutes of the fourth quarter
as well as the last two minutes of the first half will result in the
clock starting on the snap.
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